Banga, Burundi 2

Burundi

Burundi, a small republic in Central Africa, inland just south of the equator. The land has no coastline but is bounded by several rivers and Lake Tanganyika in the south. Burundi borders Rwanda in the north, Tanzania in the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) in the west. The capital […]

Continue Reading
Burundi flag

Burundi Overview

Burundi is located in Africa and borders Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda and Tanzania. Burundi was part of the German East African colony, but together with Rwanda became a Belgian territory between 1919 and 1961. The following year, Burundi became an independent kingdom, and in 1966 became a republic, in effect a military dictatorship. Capital: Bujumbura Biggest city: […]

Continue Reading
Ethiopia

Mass Media in Eastern Africa

Mass Media in Ethiopia The dominant newspapers in Ethiopia are state controlled, with Addis Zemen (Amharic, founded in 1941, circulation approximately 40,000) and Ethiopian Herald (English, founded in 1943, circulation 37,000) published by the Ministry of Information. The state Ethiopian broadcast started radio broadcasts in 1941. During the military regime, the individual liberation organizations had […]

Continue Reading
Colobus monkeys

The Geography of Burundi

Burundi consists largely of mountainous areas. Along the western border, part of the large East African fault pit (Great Rift Valley), with the Ruzizi river flowing south from Lake Kivu into Tanganyika, approx. 770 masl From here, the landscape rises steeply towards a narrow mountain range with altitudes of about 2500 m. The country’s highest […]

Continue Reading
Burundi Political System

Burundi Political System

Burundi became independent in 1962 and has had a republican and unitary constitution since 1966. The government has been characterized by great instability, with constant coups and at times brutal civil war. A transitional constitution from 2001 was replaced in 2004/05 by a new transitional constitution. According to this, the head of state is a […]

Continue Reading
Burundi Defense

Burundi Defense

The total force figures for Burundi’s armed forces are 30,050 active personnel (2018, IISS). In addition, there are 21,000 semi-military personnel, of which about 20,000 are in local militias. Burundi does not have its own air force, but the army has a small air component. Army The army has a workforce of 30,000 active personnel. […]

Continue Reading
The civil war

History of Burundi Part II

Independence from 1962 By independence July 1, 1962, Rwanda-Urundi was divided into today’s two states: the Republic of Rwanda in the north and the kingdom (since the 1966 Republic) of Burundi in the south. Burundi’s head of state became mwami Mwambutsa 4. The monarchy played an important unifying role. The king sought a balance between […]

Continue Reading
Tutsi soldiers guard

History of Burundi Part I

Burundi was originally populated by hunters and sankers before agriculture settled in the Middle Ages. The kingdom of Burundi, or Urundi, was formed in the 1600s, based on the ruling and cattle-driving group of Tutsis. The Tutsis constituted the royal family and the nobility, a king in Urundi had the title of mwami. A similar […]

Continue Reading
Burundis Foreign Policy

Burundi’s Foreign Policy

Burundi has maintained close political and economic relations with Belgium since its independence in 1962, at the same time as the country has become linked to France and cooperation between French-speaking states. In 1996, however, France terminated its military cooperation agreement with Burundi. For historical, cultural, political and geographical reasons, Burundi has a special relationship […]

Continue Reading