Ethiopia

Mass Media in Eastern Africa

Mass Media in Ethiopia The dominant newspapers in Ethiopia are state controlled, with Addis Zemen (Amharic, founded in 1941, circulation approximately 40,000) and Ethiopian Herald (English, founded in 1943, circulation 37,000) published by the Ministry of Information. The state Ethiopian broadcast started radio broadcasts in 1941. During the military regime, the individual liberation organizations had […]

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Colobus monkeys

The Geography of Burundi

Burundi consists largely of mountainous areas. Along the western border, part of the large East African fault pit (Great Rift Valley), with the Ruzizi river flowing south from Lake Kivu into Tanganyika, approx. 770 masl From here, the landscape rises steeply towards a narrow mountain range with altitudes of about 2500 m. The country’s highest […]

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Burundi Political System

Burundi Political System

Burundi became independent in 1962 and has had a republican and unitary constitution since 1966. The government has been characterized by great instability, with constant coups and at times brutal civil war. A transitional constitution from 2001 was replaced in 2004/05 by a new transitional constitution. According to this, the head of state is a […]

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Burundi Population and Language

Burundi Population and Language

Burundi is one of Africa’s most densely populated countries. The population consists of a large majority of Hutus and a minority group of Tutsis. There also lives a small waste of the pygmy people two. Burundi’s modern history is characterized by violent conflicts between Hutu and Tutsi. The Hutu people are considered to be a […]

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Burundi Defense

Burundi Defense

The total force figures for Burundi’s armed forces are 30,050 active personnel (2018, IISS). In addition, there are 21,000 semi-military personnel, of which about 20,000 are in local militias. Burundi does not have its own air force, but the army has a small air component. Army The army has a workforce of 30,000 active personnel. […]

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The civil war

History of Burundi Part II

Independence from 1962 By independence July 1, 1962, Rwanda-Urundi was divided into today’s two states: the Republic of Rwanda in the north and the kingdom (since the 1966 Republic) of Burundi in the south. Burundi’s head of state became mwami Mwambutsa 4. The monarchy played an important unifying role. The king sought a balance between […]

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Tutsi soldiers guard

History of Burundi Part I

Burundi was originally populated by hunters and sankers before agriculture settled in the Middle Ages. The kingdom of Burundi, or Urundi, was formed in the 1600s, based on the ruling and cattle-driving group of Tutsis. The Tutsis constituted the royal family and the nobility, a king in Urundi had the title of mwami. A similar […]

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Burundis Foreign Policy

Burundi’s Foreign Policy

Burundi has maintained close political and economic relations with Belgium since its independence in 1962, at the same time as the country has become linked to France and cooperation between French-speaking states. In 1996, however, France terminated its military cooperation agreement with Burundi. For historical, cultural, political and geographical reasons, Burundi has a special relationship […]

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Bujumbura

Economy and Business in Burundi

Burundi is an agricultural country with limited natural resources in addition to good agricultural and livestock conditions. The country has some mineral deposits, which are only used to a limited extent, both because of. great distances to shipping ports and the security situation. The civil war of the early 1990s has had a major negative […]

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Music in Burundi

Music in Burundi

The Tutsi, the Hutu and the Twee people each have their own music traditions which form the basic elements of Burundi’s music. Drum ensembles, ingoma, with 24 drums in a semicircle around a drum in the middle, are common. The music is based on a fifteen scale, and in the song there are finer scale […]

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