Before European colonizers landed on Cape Verde in the 15th century, the archipelago was uninhabited. The colonizers, who came mainly from Portugal, settled on the islands and brought with them African slaves.
The two groups of people mixed with each other over time and now more than two-thirds of the Cape values are Creole, of mixed European and African origin. Other residents are mainly Africans. There is also a small group of Europeans.
- COUNTRYAAH.COM: Key populations estimated size and data of Cape Verde, including population density of how many people per square mile. Also included are facts for population and language.
Cape Verde has traditionally had low Population growth due to periods of drought and famine as well as extensive emigration (emigration). But since independence in 1975, the increase in population has increased. Cape Verde therefore has a relatively young population; In 2018, just over a quarter of the population was estimated to be 14 years or younger.
Within the archipelago, since the early 1990s, there has been a rapid migration of people from smaller and less developed islands to mainly São Tiago and São Vicente, where the country’s two largest cities are located. At São Tiago now lives over half the population, half of whom live in the capital Praia.
Drought, starvation and high unemployment have long made the emigration from Cape Verde high. Although emigration has declined since the mid-1990s, thousands of cut-off values still leave their home country each year. There are now more cutting values abroad than in the home country (the information varies between different sources, but a common figure is at least 700,000 people). Most have moved to the US or Portugal, while others live in the Netherlands, Spain or Italy. Many have also applied to other former Portuguese colonies such as Angola and Brazil.
Portuguese is the official language of the country. Most Cape values, however, speak crioulo (kabuverdianu), which is a mixture of mainly Portuguese and various West African languages.
FACTS – POPULATION AND LANGUAGE
Creole 71%, black 28%, white 1% (2000s estimate)
Number of residents
546 388 (2017)
Number of residents per square kilometer
Percentage of residents in the cities
65.3 percent (2017)
20.9 per 1000 residents (2016)
5.5 per 1000 residents (2016)
1.3 percent (2017)
2.3 number of births per woman (2016)
Percentage of women
50.2 percent (2017)
73 years (2016)
Life expectancy for women
75 years (2016)
Life expectancy for men
71 years (2016)
Portuguese is the official language, crioulo is widely spoken
Local elections will be a success for MPD
But PAICV also makes a good choice. However, voter turnout is low, just over a third of voters vote.